Online gallery for Traditional tribal masks of the warrior native for cultural dance. Hudoq is a thanksgiving festival of the Dayak ethnic group of Kalimantan, Indonesia. This can be a very beautiful wall decoration.
According to the traditional beliefs of the Bahau, Busang, Modang, Ao’heng, and Penihing people, hudoqs are thirteen crop-destroying pests, including rats, lions, and crows. In the festival the Hudoqs are symbolized by dancers who wear tribal masks representing pests and jackets made of areca palm or banana tree bark. The dance is finished when two human hudoqs come out and chase the pest hudoqs. The dance duration is 1–5 hours. It is arranged from village to village after people dibble the land to grow dry-field rice paddies in September to October every year. They pray so that their fields will grow abundantly.
Dayak Hudoq tribal masks a piece created on the island of Borneo located in Southeast Asia. These tribal masks were used by the natives in their traditional Dayak harvest festivals. The piece was created by the Dayaks around the turn of the twentieth century, which was the prime time for the spread of Christianity and Islam to the island of Borneo. During this time culture on the island of Borneo undergoes a huge transition especially the art of mask making. Christian traders remodeled the mask to their liking, artistic referencing of Dayak gods diminished, and now present day Dayaks see the mask as more of decorated ornamental pieces rather than gateways to the spirit realm. With this being said one would expect that this crafted by an unknown Dayak tribal masks maker so close to the peak of Christian and Islamic crusades to the island of Borneo would be full of symbolisms and characteristics that stem from these religions. However, that is not the case, this piece shows no evidence of the influences that these religions imposed on many of the other masks that were created in this time and times thereafter. Research and close observation of the characteristics of this mask– faded patterning, origin, and strong referencing to the traditional Dayak beliefs– make it evident that this particular art piece escaped the influence of Christianity and Islam that affected the art of mask making on the island of Borneo.
The Dayak Hudoq tribal masks were originally purposed for Hudoq harvest festivals. These festivals were held several days into the rice harvest as a method of honoring the gods and welcoming them to the rice paddies. During these festivals dancers wore these masks and performed symbolic dances of which the viewers were encouraged to partake in. The masks were extremely sacred. The Dayak people revered mask making and even mask wearing as a sacred act. In the times before Christianity and Islam reached Borneo, they believed that the people who wore these masks made a connection to the gods and the spirit realm. Once dancers put on these masks the natives believed that they could channel the events that occurred when the gods walked on the earth. The mask were grotesquely figured as a representation of the gods and to also scare off the evil spirits that could potentially harm the harvest. Dancers recreated scenes of the gods destroying evil spirits that aimed to hinder the harvest.